Pruning is the most common maintenance operation. Pruning is often necessary to ensure safety, improve the structure or health of a tree, meet landscaping needs or even simply the aesthetic side. An Arborist must have a good understanding of the biology and the crucial and fundamental needs of the tree in order to carry out pruning adapted and optimal for the health and structure of the tree.When pruning (pruning), each cut must be carried out taking into account the reactions of the tree. Poor pruning can cause problems that will persist throughout its life.It is important to keep in mind that branch removal represents the loss of stored resources and the reduction in leaf mass which can result in a decrease in growth.
However, following a pruning (pruning) the growth is done on a reduced quantity of branches which tends to increase the growth of the parts which have not been pruned this phenomenon is called toning of the shoots.
The principles of structural pruning are generally applied to young trees but also sometimes to mature trees with severe structural problems. Usually trees that are pruned from an early age, to give them the right structure, will require less maintenance than if the training pruning had been neglected.
Sanitation pruning is the selective cutting of dead, damaged, weakly attached, or diseased branches and is the most commonly used technique. Regular pruning should correct problems when they are small to prevent them from getting bigger
Thinning pruning includes sanitation pruning as well as selective cutting of branches to increase light penetration or air passage through the crown, in addition to improving tree structure. . More light allows foliage conservation and development while air passage promotes health by controlling humidity. Thinning at the ends of branches reduces wind trapping and considerably lightens weight big and long branches.
Perspective pruning is all about creating visual breakthroughs, and should not compromise the health or stability of the tree. Raising is the removal of low branches in order to clear public roads, buildings, signage and fields of vision.
It is sometimes necessary to reduce the height or the extent of a tree, For example for the clearance of the electrical and telecommunications networks. Reduction is used to reduce the size of a tree.
If a tree has been topped in the past and it produces a lot of suckers or if it has suffered damage during a storm, windfall or ice, a restructuring of the Crown can improve its structure, appearance and strength. We select suckers at the end of the pruned branches so that they become permanent branches and to restore the tree to a more natural shape. The selected suckers will sometimes need to be reduced in order to control their growth and ensure that they are firmly attached to the mother branch.