Given its importance to our passion, it's amazing that most of us don't venture beyond knowing that good soil supports plant life and bad soil cannot. . You have no doubt come across earthworms in good soil, and unless you regularly use pesticides, you must have come across other life forms as well: centipedes, springtails, ants, slugs, ladybug larvae, etc. Good soil is literally teeming with life , a teaspoon contains: a billion invisible bacteria, several meters of fungal hyphae, several thousand protozoa and a few dozen nematodes. In town and country alike, farmers have been spreading toxic chemicals on their land for years, not realizing that the chemicals are damaging the essentials for good soil health. Whatever its extent, the use of toxic products creates a favorable environment for the soil “mafia”, an urban guerrilla zone, by killing the common flora and fauna that fight against the pests that keep them under control. Call on professionals they will enlighten you on the right steps to take in order to regain control of your soil , your plants will be better off!
Feeding bacteria and microorganisms in the soil, they are actually found in considerable quantities in the rhizosphere (the area around the roots) it is essentially the place where bacteria and microorganisms feed, they have the ability to breaking the bonds of minerals with the help of roots (not assimilable by plants) thus creating smaller chains (clays) made of simple sugars, fatty acids and amino acids, these three groups form the basic elements that bacteria need to survive. The bacteria fix nutrients that would otherwise be lost due to drainage, which will then be trapped, immobilized inside the bacteria until it is eaten or transformed into easily assimilated waste by the roots of the plants.
Why do an analysis? The objective of analyzing its soil is to know the capacities of the soil, its aptitude to produce roots, vegetables, short flowers supporting life. This is called soil fertility.
This fertility is linked to the interaction between humus and clays, the physical state (sand, silt, clay), the state of acidity and the nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potash, calcium and, etc.
Minerals and humus make up the solid part of the soil, but plants also need water and oxygen. The voids between organic and mineral particles are filled with water or air (and sometimes both). In good soil, only about half of the pores are filled with water. The other half is full of air. It should be understood that the movement of water expels the confined air and sucks the air from the surface inside, which means that when water is added we cause an exchange of air, which which is very important for the survival of plants, bacteria and fungi.
When fertilizing plants, the aim is to add additional nutrients and minerals to them, to help promote and improve growth. The four types of application are: Ground Injection, Surface Application, Trunk Injection and Foliar Application. You can detect deficiencies in your soil by observing your plants, as the symptoms are very characteristic. For example, a lack of magnesium results in yellowing of the foliage. A need for calcium will cause the young leaves to curl. This exercise is nevertheless quite difficult, because several deficiencies can be confused: it is necessary to have the eye of an expert! The easiest way is to carry out a soil analysis which will list all the small concerns of your soil.